Tuesday

Acquisitions (72): Francis Parkman


Francis Parkman: The Oregon Trail / Conspiracy of Pontiac (1849 & 51 / 1991)



Francis Parkman (1823-1893)


Parkman: The Oregon Trail / Conspiracy of Pontiac (1991)
[Pegasus Books, Wellington - 11/6/2022]:

Francis Parkman. The Oregon Trail / The Conspiracy of Pontiac. 1849, 1851. Ed. William R. Taylor. The Library of America, 53. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1991.


Bruce Beresford, dir.: Black Robe (1991)


Francis Parkman and Narrative History


I was hugely struck by the movie Black Robe when it first came out some twenty years ago. This terrifying journey through the wilds of seventeenth-century French Canada to the Huron mission seemed to offer a window on a wholly unfamiliar time and place.

Unfortunately I'd persuaded my father, always rather reluctant to subject himself to movie-going - partially due to the claustrophobia induced by picture theatres, and partially due to the explicit content of modern films - to make something of a family excursion of it. The scenes of torture and starvation were too much for him, and for years afterwards he would use the term "Black Robe" to refer to any experience totally beyond the pale.

The feeling I was a left with was an intense desire to find out more about these northern Jesuit missions. I already knew about the ones in Paraguay via the rather romanticised picture given by Roland Joffé's The Mission (1986). I'd also read up on them as part of the background research for my thesis on European portrayals of South America (University of Edinburgh, 1990).


Francis Parkman: France and England in North America, 1 (1865-74 / 1983)


Luckily, as it turned out, I had just the book I needed to hand. I'd purchased the two-volume Library of America set of Francis Parkman's France and England in North America series at a bargain price in an Edinburgh bookshop some years before, but had never before had occasion to read any of it. I knew that one of the component volumes was entitled The Jesuits in North America in the Seventeenth Century, so that seemed as good a place to start as any.


Francis Parkman: France and England in North America, 2 (1877-84 / 1983)


Being a bit of a completist by nature, I rapidly decided that it would make more sense to start off with part one of the series, The Pioneers of France in the New World, just in case it contained any essential background which would be necessary for full comprehension of part two, the bit about the Jesuits.

And so I was caught. By the time I got to the end of part one, my initial interest in the Jesuits had long since been submerged by the sheer oddity and colourful drama of Parkman's account of the early days of French colonisation in the New World. I'd heard the Mayflower, New England, version of the first settlements in America so many times, but Parkman gifted me with names and details I'd never encountered before.

His ideas about the Jesuits had little in common with the pure skies and noble vistas of Black Robe, but they were, if anything, even more interesting. It took quite a while, but I did eventually complete my reading of all seven parts of his history of America before the United States were more than a glimmer in the Founding Fathers' eyes.


Francis Parkman: The Conspiracy of Pontiac (1959)


To tell you the truth, one of the reasons I hadn't started in on Parkman right away, after buying the set in the first place, was because it lacked the title above. I'd read this Classics Illustrated comic as a kid, and many of its images are still engraved in my mind. I'd assumed, given its subject matter, that it must form a part of Parkman's grand overall structure.
  1. The Pioneers of France in the New World (1865)
  2. The Jesuits in North America in the Seventeenth Century (1867)
  3. La Salle and the Discovery of the Great West (1869)
  4. The Old Régime in Canada (1874)
  5. Count Frontenac and New France under Louis XIV (1877)
  6. A Half Century of Conflict (1892)
  7. Montcalm and Wolfe (1884)
And, of course, in a way it did. It's just that it was his first excursion into narrative history, written before he'd embarked on the larger project, and therefore overlapped with it in parts.



I did, eventually, manage to locate an old copy of the Everyman edition, which I paired with a Penguin Classics reprint of Parkman's first book The Oregon Trail to complete, more-or-less, the canon of his works (except for an odd volume on the cultivation of roses, that is).


Francis Parkman: The Oregon Trail (1849)


You can imagine, then, how overjoyed I was to run into a copy of the third volume of the Library of America edition of his historical works in Wellington a couple of weeks ago! I didn't exactly need it, given I had its contents in other forms already, but it certainly gave me a deep sense of satisfaction to fill this nagging gap in my collection.


Francis Parkman: Journals (1947)


Come to think of it, it was also in Wellington that I found a two-volume set of Parkman's Journals a decade or so ago: in 2010, to be precise. They were nestled alongside a not dissimilar set of The Literary Memoranda of William Hickling Prescott, the other great American nineteenth-century narrative historian, which I also bought:


William H. Prescott: Literary Memoranda (1961)


I do love these old American historical writers: their work seems so much more expansive and life-enhancing than that of their British contemporaries. Don't get me wrong. I've dutifully trawled my way through Carlyle's French Revolution (1837) and Macaulay's History of England (1848); I've even dipped into Gardiner's History of the Great Civil War (1886), a necessary supplement to Clarendon's rather one-sided History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England (1702-04).


J. L. Stephens: Incidents of travel in Central America, Chiapas and Yucatán. Illustrated by Frederick Catherwood (1842)


They're all great - and illuminating - and certainly well worth the trouble. But try setting them alongside Prescott's Conquest of Mexico, or Stephens' Incidents of Travel in Yucatán, or even Motley's Rise of the Dutch Republic, and see which set of books gets your pulse raging faster!


John Motley: The Rise of the Dutch Republic (1850)


For that matter, try comparing William Robertson's crass claim - in his History of America (1777) - that the Conquistadors' descriptions of the Aztec and Incan empires must be absurdly exaggerated, since it was obvious to such a hard-headed Scotsman as himself that no mere natives could ever have created a culture on such a scale, with the wide-eyed wonder of Prescott's account of the same events.


William H. Prescott: The Conquest of Mexico and The Conquest of Peru (1843 & 1847)


The American writer, too, displays doubt at times at the sheer scale of the claims made by the early Spanish chroniclers, but at least he isn't pigheaded enough to deny their possibility. There are good reasons why books of this sort were among the first New World bestsellers to break into the seemingly sewn-up British booktrade.


James Cowan: The New Zealand Wars (1922 / 1983)


It is true to say, mind you, that I'm a sucker for narrative history in general. I love the broad sweep of storytelling these older historians permitted themselves. I once supervised a Master's thesis on New Zealand's nearest equivalent to the great Americans, James Cowan. My student - now a Doctor - Gregory Wood, was exhorted by me in no uncertain terms to read Parkman to see where Cowan got most of his scene-setting tropes.

Cowan's work is a bona fide masterpiece, a New Zealand classic which it's impossible to imagine ever being superseded - though it certainly needs to be reinterpreted and supplemented from time to time. The journalist, determined to interview everyone who could recall these old battles, was always strong in him. But so was the historian. And when it came to writing full-dress prose, it was not Tolstoy but Parkman who offered him a clear way forward - as Greg Wood's thesis "Revisiting James Cowan: a reassessment of The New Zealand Wars" abundantly demonstrates.


Stanley Andrew: James Cowan (1929)


I could go on and on about the subject, but I won't. There's a good deal of whiggish, anti-papist prejudice on display in most of these works, which can make them uncomfortable reading at times. But discussing the reasons for that would lead us into some very contentious territory.

Instead, I've decided to provide a mini-bibliography for the principal New World narrative historians mentioned above. Old World historiography is (of course) too vast a subject even to touch upon here. A good starting point for that would be John Burrows' very entertaining A History of Histories:


John Burrows: A History of Histories (2009)






Francis Parkman: Frontenac Edition (17 vols: 1904)

19th-Century American Historians


Authors:
  1. Henry Adams (1838-1918)
  2. Washington Irving (1783-1859)
  3. John L. Motley (1814-1877)
  4. Francis Parkman (1823-1893)
  5. William H. Prescott (1796-1859)
  6. John L. Stephens (1805-1852)
  7. Secondary Literature

[titles I own are marked in bold]:




Henry Adams (1858)

Henry Brooks Adams
(1838-1918)

    Fiction:

  1. Democracy: An American Novel (1880)
    • Democracy: An American Novel. 1880. Foreword by Henry D. Aiken. A Signet Classic. New York: The New American library of World Literature, Inc., 1961.
    • Included in: Democracy: An American Novel, Esther, Mont Saint Michel and Chartres, The Education of Henry Adams. Ed. Ernest Samuels. Library of America (1983)
  2. [as Frances Snow Compton] Esther: A Novel (1884)
    • Included in: Democracy: An American Novel, Esther, Mont Saint Michel and Chartres, The Education of Henry Adams. Ed. Ernest Samuels. Library of America (1983)

  3. Non-fiction:

  4. [with Henry Cabot Lodge, Ernest Young & J. L. Laughlin] Essays in Anglo-Saxon Law (1876)
  5. Life of Albert Gallatin (1879)
  6. [Ed.] The Writings of Albert Gallatin. 3 vols (1879)
  7. John Randolph (1882)
  8. History of the United States During the Administrations of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. 9 vols (1889-91)
    • History of the United States of America During the Administrations of Thomas Jefferson, 1801-1809. 1889-91. Ed. Earl N. Harbert. The Library of America, 31. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1986.
    • History of the United States of America During the Administrations of James Madison, 1809-1817. 1889-91. Ed. Earl N. Harbert. The Library of America, 32. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1986.
  9. Historical Essays (1891)
  10. [Ed.] Tahiti: Memoirs of Arii Taimai e Marama of Eimee ... Last Queen of Tahiti (1893)
  11. Mont Saint Michel and Chartres (1904)
    • Included in: Democracy: An American Novel, Esther, Mont Saint Michel and Chartres, The Education of Henry Adams. Ed. Ernest Samuels. Library of America (1983)
  12. The Life of George Cabot Lodge (1911)
  13. The Education of Henry Adams (1918)
    • The Education of Henry Adams: An Autobiography. 1907. Introduction by D. W. Brogan. Houghton Mifflin Sentry Edition, 3. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1961.
    • Included in: Democracy: An American Novel, Esther, Mont Saint Michel and Chartres, The Education of Henry Adams. Ed. Ernest Samuels. Library of America (1983)
  14. The Degradation of the Democratic Dogma (1919)
  15. Novels / Mont Saint Michel / The Education. [Democracy: An American Novel (1880); Esther: A Novel (1884); Mont Saint Michel and Chartres (1904); the Education of Henry Adams (1918); Poems]. Ed. Earl N. Harbert. The Library of America, 14. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.

  16. Letters:

  17. Letters. Ed. W. C. Ford. 2 vols (1930-38)
  18. The Letters of Henry Adams, Volumes 1–3: 1858–1892. Ed. J. C. Levenson, Ernest Samuels & Charles Vandersee (1982)
  19. The Letters of Henry Adams, Volumes 4–6: 1892–1918. Ed. J. C. Levenson, Ernest Samuels & Charles Vandersee (1988)


Henry Adams: Library of America (1983)





John Plumbe: Washington Irving (1861)

Washington Irving
(1783-1859)

  1. [as Jonathan Oldstyle] Letters of Jonathan Oldstyle (1802)
    • Included in: History, Tales, and Sketches: Letters of Jonathan Oldstyle, Gent.; Salmagundi or The Whim-Whams and Opinions of Launcelot Langstaff, Esq. & Others; A History of New York, From the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty; The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.. Ed. James W. Tuttleton. 1802, 1807-08, 1809, 1819-20. The Library of America, 16. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
  2. [as Launcelot Langstaff, Will Wizard] Salmagundi (1807–1808)
    • Included in: History, Tales, and Sketches: Letters of Jonathan Oldstyle, Gent.; Salmagundi or The Whim-Whams and Opinions of Launcelot Langstaff, Esq. & Others; A History of New York, From the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty; The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.. Ed. James W. Tuttleton. 1802, 1807-08, 1809, 1819-20. The Library of America, 16. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
  3. [as Diedrich Knickerbocker] A History of New York (1809)
    • Included in: History, Tales, and Sketches: Letters of Jonathan Oldstyle, Gent.; Salmagundi or The Whim-Whams and Opinions of Launcelot Langstaff, Esq. & Others; A History of New York, From the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty; The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.. Ed. James W. Tuttleton. 1802, 1807-08, 1809, 1819-20. The Library of America, 16. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
  4. [as Geoffrey Crayon] The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. (1819–1820)
    • Included in: History, Tales, and Sketches: Letters of Jonathan Oldstyle, Gent.; Salmagundi or The Whim-Whams and Opinions of Launcelot Langstaff, Esq. & Others; A History of New York, From the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty; The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.. Ed. James W. Tuttleton. 1802, 1807-08, 1809, 1819-20. The Library of America, 16. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
  5. [as Geoffrey Crayon] Bracebridge Hall (1822)
    • Included in: Bracebridge Hall; Tales of a Traveller; The Alhambra. 1822, 1824, 1832. Ed. Andrew Myers. The Library of America, 52. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1991.
  6. [as Geoffrey Crayon] Tales of a Traveller (1824)
    • Included in: Bracebridge Hall; Tales of a Traveller; The Alhambra. 1822, 1824, 1832. Ed. Andrew Myers. The Library of America, 52. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1991.
  7. A History of the Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus (1828)
    • The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus: Author’s Revised Edition. 1828. London: T. Nelson & Sons, 1903.
  8. [as Fray Antonio Agapida] Chronicle of the Conquest of Granada (1829)
  9. Voyages and Discoveries of the Companions of Columbus (1831)
  10. [as "The Author of the Sketch Book"] Tales of the Alhambra (1832)
    • The Alhambra. 1832. Introduction by Elizabeth Robins Pennell. Illustrated by Joseph Pennell. London: Macmillan, 1908.
    • Included in: Bracebridge Hall; Tales of a Traveller; The Alhambra. 1822, 1824, 1832. Ed. Andrew Myers. The Library of America, 52. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1991.
  11. [as Geoffrey Crayon] The Crayon Miscellany (1835)
  12. A Tour on the Prairies (1835)
    • Included in: Three Western Narratives: A Tour on the Prairies; Astoria; The Adventures of Captain Bonneville. 1835, 1836, 1837. Ed. James P. Ronda. The Library of America, 146. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 2004.
  13. Astoria (1836)
    • Included in: Three Western Narratives: A Tour on the Prairies; Astoria; The Adventures of Captain Bonneville. 1835, 1836, 1837. Ed. James P. Ronda. The Library of America, 146. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 2004.
  14. The Adventures of Captain Bonneville (1837)
    • Included in: Three Western Narratives: A Tour on the Prairies; Astoria; The Adventures of Captain Bonneville. 1835, 1836, 1837. Ed. James P. Ronda. The Library of America, 146. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 2004.
  15. The Life of Oliver Goldsmith (1840)
  16. Biography and Poetical Remains of the Late Margaret Miller Davidson (1841)
  17. Mahomet and His Successors (1850)
    • Life of Mahomet. 1849. Everyman’s Library, 513. London & New York: J. M. Dent & E. P. Dutton, 1920.
  18. [as Geoffrey Crayon, Diedrich Knickerbocker, Washington Irving] Wolfert's Roost (1855)
  19. The Life of George Washington. 5 vols (1855–1859)
  20. Tales of the Supernatural. Ed. Edward Wagenknecht. Illustrated by R. W. Alley. Owings Mills, Maryland: Stemmer House Publishers, Inc., 1982.


Washington Irving: Tales of the Supernatural (1982)





Matthew Brady: John L. Motley (c.1860)

John Lothrop Motley
(1814-1877)

  1. Morton’s Hope or the Memoirs of a Provincial (1839)
  2. Merry-Mount, a Romance (1849)
  3. Causes of the Civil War in America (1861)
  4. Four Questions for the People, at the Presidential Election. Address … before the Parker Fraternity (1868)
  5. The Rise of the Dutch Republic: A History (1855)
    • The Rise of the Dutch Republic: A History. 1855. 3 vols. Introduction by Clement Shorter. The World’s Classics, 96-98. London: Henry Frowde / Oxford University Press, 1906.
  6. Historical Progress and American Democracy, an Address Delivered before the New York Historical Society (1869)
  7. Democracy, the Climax of Political Progress and the Destiny of Advanced Races; an Historical Essay (1869)
  8. History of the United Netherlands, from the Death of William the Silent, to the Synod of Dort. With a full View of the English-Dutch Struggle against Spain and the Origin and Destruction of the Spanish Armada (1860–67)
  9. The Life and Death of John of Barneveld, Advocate of Holland; with a View of the primary Causes of the Thirty-years War (1874)
  10. Peter the Great (1877)
  11. Writings. Netherlands Edition. 17 vols (1900)

  12. Letters:

  13. The Correspondence of John Lothrop Motley, D. C. L. Ed. G. W. Curtis. 2 vols (1889)
  14. John Lothrop Motley and his Family. Further Letters and Records. Ed. by his Daughter and Herbert St. John Mildmay (1910)

  15. Secondary:

  16. Holmes, O. W. John Lothrop Motley, A Memoir (1879)


John L. Motley: History of the United Netherlands (1867)





Francis Parkman (c.1890)

Francis Parkman
(1823-1893)

  1. The Oregon Trail: Sketches of Prairie and Rocky-Mountain Life (1847)
    • The Oregon Trail. 1849. Ed. David Levin. The Penguin American Library. Ed. John Seelye. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1982.
    • Included in: The Oregon Trail / The Conspiracy of Pontiac. 1849, 1851. Ed. William R. Taylor. The Library of America, 53. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1991.
  2. The Conspiracy of Pontiac and the Indian War After the Conquest of Canada (1851)
    • The Conspiracy of Pontiac and the Indian War after the Conquest of Canada. 1851. Introduction by Thomas Seccombe. 2 vols. Everyman’s Library. 1908. London: J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd. / New York: E. P. Dutton & Co. Inc., 1912.
    • Included in: The Oregon Trail / The Conspiracy of Pontiac. 1849, 1851. Ed. William R. Taylor. The Library of America, 53. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1991.
  3. France and England in North America (1865–1892):
    1. The Pioneers of France in the New World (1865)
      • Included in: France and England in North America, 1. Ed. David Levin. The Library of America, 11. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
    2. The Jesuits in North America in the Seventeenth Century (1867)
      • Included in: France and England in North America, 1. Ed. David Levin. The Library of America, 11. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
    3. La Salle and the Discovery of the Great West (1869)
      • Included in: France and England in North America, 1. Ed. David Levin. The Library of America, 11. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
    4. The Old Régime in Canada (1874)
      • Included in: France and England in North America, 1. Ed. David Levin. The Library of America, 11. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
    5. Count Frontenac and New France under Louis XIV (1877)
      • Included in: France and England in North America, 2. Ed. David Levin. The Library of America, 12. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
    6. Montcalm and Wolfe (1884)
      • Montcalm and Wolfe. 1884. 2 vols. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1899.
      • Included in: France and England in North America, 2. Ed. David Levin. The Library of America, 12. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
    7. A Half Century of Conflict (1892)
      • Included in: France and England in North America, 2. Ed. David Levin. The Library of America, 12. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
  4. Historic Handbook of the Northern Tour (1885)
  5. Works, with A Life of Francis Parkman, by Charles Haight Farnham. Frontenac Edition. 17 vols (1902-04)
  6. The Battle for North America. Ed. John Tebbel (1948)
  7. France and England in North America, 1. ['The Pioneers of France in the New World' (1865); 'The Jesuits in North America in the Seventeenth Century' (1867); 'La Salle and the Discovery of the Great West' (1869); 'The Old Régime in Canada' (1874)]. Ed. David Levin. The Library of America, 11. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
  8. France and England in North America, 2. ['Count Frontenac and New France under Louis XIV' (1877); 'A Half Century of Conflict' (1892); 'Montcalm and Wolfe' (1884)]. 1877, 1892, 1884. Ed. David Levin. The Library of America, 12. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1983.
  9. The Oregon Trail / The Conspiracy of Pontiac. 1849, 1851. Ed. William R. Taylor. The Library of America, 53. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 1991.

  10. Miscellaneous:

  11. Vassall Morton: A Novel (1856)
  12. The Book of Roses (1866)

  13. Letters & Journals:

  14. The Journals of Francis Parkman. 2 vols. Ed. Mason Wade (1947)
    • The Journals of Francis Parkman. Ed. Mason Wade. 2 vols. New York & London: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1947.
  15. The Letters of Francis Parkman. 2 vols. Ed. Wilbur R. Jacobs (1960)

  16. Secondary:

  17. Farnham, Charles Haight. A Life of Francis Parkman (1900)
  18. Wade, Mason. Francis Parkman, Heroic Historian (1942)
  19. Pease, Otis. Parkman's History: The Historian as Literary Artist (1953)
  20. Doughty, Howard. Francis Parkman. 1962. Cambridge, Masachusetts & London: Harvard University Press, 1983.
  21. Gale, Robert L. Francis Parkman. Twayne World Authors (1973)


Francis Parkman: Montcalm and Wolfe (1884)



  1. [Ed.] The Club-Room. 4 numbers (1820)
  2. Life of Charles Brockden Brown (1834)
  3. Biographical and Critical Miscellanies (1845)
    • Included in: History of the Reign of Philip the Second, King of Spain. Volume the Third. And Biographical & Critical Miscellanies. 1858. London: George Routledge & Sons Ltd., n.d.
  4. A History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella the Catholic (1838)
    • History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, the Catholic, of Spain. 1836. New Edition, Revised. 1841. Author's Authorised Edition. London: George Routledge & Sons Ltd., n.d.
  5. A History of the Conquest of Mexico, with a Preliminary View of the Ancient Mexican Civilization and the Life of Hernando Cortes (1843)
    • The Conquest of Mexico. 1843. Introduction by Thomas Seccombe. 2 vols. Everyman’s Library. 1909. London: J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd. / New York: E. P. Dutton & Co. Inc., 1913.
    • History of the Conquest of Mexico. 1843. Introduction by Mrs. Alec-Tweedie. 2 Vols. The World's Classics, 197 & 198. London: Humphrey Milford / Oxford University Press, 1915.
  6. A History of the Conquest of Peru (1847)
    • History of the Conquest of Peru, with a Preliminary View of the Civilization of the Incas. 1847. 3 vols. Bohn’s Standard Library. London: George Routledge & Sons, 1874.
  7. Memoir of Hon. John Pickering (1849)
  8. A History of the Reign of Philip II (1855–58)
    • History of the Reign of Philip the Second, King of Spain. Volumes First and Second. 1858. 2 vols. London: George Routledge & Sons Ltd., n.d.
  9. Memoir of the Hon. Abbott Lawrence (1856)
  10. The Life of Charles the Fifth after his Abdication (1857)
    • [with William Robertson] History of the Reign of Charles the Fifth, with an Account of the Emperor's Life after His Abdication. 1769. 2 vols. London: George Routledge & Co., 1857.
  11. Works. Ed. J. F. Kirk. 16 vols (1874)
  12. Works. Ed. W. H. Munro. Montezuma Edition. 22 vols (1904)
  13. The Literary Memoranda of William Hickling Prescott. Ed. C. Harvey Gardiner. 2 vols. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1961.
  14. Prescott’s Histories: The Rise and Decline of the Spanish Empire. The Essence of Ferdinand and Isabella / The Conquest of Mexico / The Conquest of Peru / Philip II. 1836, 1843, 1847 & 1858. Ed. Irwin R. Blacker. New York: The Viking Press, Inc., 1963.

  15. Secondary:

  16. Ticknor, George. Life of William Hickling Prescott (1864)
  17. Haussonville, O. d’. William Prescott, sa vie et ses œuvres (1868)
  18. Ogden, Rollo. William Hickling Prescott. American Men of Letters (1905)
  19. Peck, H. T. William Hickling Prescott. English Men of Letters (1905)
  20. Gardiner, C. Harvey. William Hickling Prescott (1969)
  21. Peck, Harry Thurston. William Hickling Prescott (2009)
  22. Koch, Peter O. William Hickling Prescott: The Life and Letters of America's First Scientific Historian (2016)


William H. Prescott: Works (1874)





John L. Stephens (1854)

John Lloyd Stephens
(1805-1852)

  1. Incidents of Travel in Egypt, Arabia Petraea, and the Holy Land (1837)
    • Incidents of Travel in Egypt, Arabia Petraea, and The Holy Land. 1837. Ed. Victor Wolfgang von Hagen. Illustrated by Frederick Catherwood. 1970. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1991.
  2. Incidents of Travel in Greece, Turkey, Russia and Poland (1838)
  3. Incidents of Travel in Central America, Chiapas and Yucatán. 2 vols (1841)
    • Incidents of Travel in Central America, Chiapas, & Yucatán. Illustrated by F. Catherwood. 1841. Ed. Richard L. Prodmore. 2 vols. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1949.
  4. Incidents of Travel in Yucatán. 2 vols (1843)
    • Incidents of Travel in Yucatán. Illustrated by F. Catherwood. 2 vols. 1843. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1963.

  5. Secondary:

  6. Von Hagen, Victor W. Search for the Maya: The Story of Stephens & Catherwood. 1973. Saxon House. London: Book Club Associates / Westmead, Farnborough, Hampshire: D. C. Heath Ltd., 1974.


John L. Stephens: Incidents of Travel in Yucatán (1963)



  1. Chronicles of the Pilgrim Fathers. Introduction by John Masefield. Everyman’s Library. London: J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd. / New York: E. P. Dutton & Co. Inc., 1910.

  2. Cohen, Rachel. A Chance Meeting: Intertwined Lives of American Writers and Artists. 2004. Vintage. London: Random House, 2005.

  3. Davis, William C., & Bell I. Wiley, ed. The Civil War: The Compact Edition. Fort Sumter to Gettysburg. The Image of War, 1861-1865, 1: Shadows of the Storm / 2: The Guns of ’62 / 3: The Embattled Confederacy. 1981 & 1982. Introduction by William C. Davis. Civil War Times. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 1998.

  4. Davis, William C., & Bell I. Wiley, ed. The Civil War: the Compact Edition. Vicksburg to Appomattox. The Image of War, 1861-1865, 4: Fighting for Time / 5: The South Besieged / 6: The End of an Era. 1982 & 1983. Introduction by William C. Davis. Civil War Times. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 1998.

  5. Derounian-Stodola, Kathryn Zabelle, ed. Women’s Indian Captivity Narratives. Penguin Classics. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1998.

  6. Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxanne. An Indigenous People's History of the United States. ReVisioning American History. Boston: Beacon Press, 2014.

  7. Ehle, John. Trail of Tears: The Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation. 1988. Anchor Books. New York: Random House Inc., 1989.

  8. Fischer, David Hackett. Washington's Crossing. 2004. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc., 2006.

  9. Guernsey, Alfred H., & Henry M. Alden. Harper's Pictorial History of the Clvil War: Contemporary Accounts and Illustrations from the Greatest Magazine of the Time. With 1000 Scenes, Maps, Plans and Portraits. 1866. The Fairfax Press. New York: Crown Publishers. Inc., n.d.

  10. Harwell, Richard B., ed. The Civil War Reader: The Union Reader / The Confederate Reader. 1957-1958. Smithmark Civil War Library. New York: Smithmark Publishers Inc., 1994.

  11. Henderson, Lieut.-Col. G. F. R., C.B. Stonewall Jackson and the American Civil War. 1898. 2 vols. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1909.

  12. Horgan, Paul. Great River: The Rio Grande in North American History. 1954. 2 vols in 1. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971.

  13. Leckie, Robert. The Wars of America. Foreword by Richard B. Morris. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1968.

  14. Lee, Captain Robert E. Recollections and Letters of General Robert E. Lee. 1904. Introduction by Gamaliel Bradford. New York: Smithmark Publishers Inc., 1995.

  15. Lester, Julius. To Be a Slave. Illustrated by Tom Feelings. 1968. Puffin Books. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973.

  16. Lewis, Jon E., ed. The Mammoth Book of Native Americans. Robinson. London: Constable & Robinson Ltd., 2004.

  17. Lewis, R. W. B. The American Adam: Innocence, Tragedy, and Tradition in the Nineteenth Century. 1955. Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press, n.d.

  18. McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. The Oxford History of the United States, VI. Ed. C. Vann Woodward. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

  19. Mann, Charles C. 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus. 2005. 2nd ed. Vintage Books. New York: Random House, Inc., 2011.

  20. Miller, Lee. Roanoke: Solving the Mystery of England's Lost Colony. 2000. Pimlico. London: Random House, 2001.

  21. Rolph, G. V, & Noel Clark. The Civil War Soldier. Washington, D. C.: Historical Impressions Co., 1961.

  22. Sandoz, Mari. Crazy Horse: The Strange Man of the Oglalas, A Biography. Fiftieth Anniversary Edition. 1942. Introduction by Stephen B. Oates. Lincoln & London: University of Nebraska Press, 1992.

  23. Slave Narratives. Ed. William L. Andrews & Louis B. Gates, Jr. The Library of America, 114. New York: Literary Classics of the United States, Inc., 2000.
    1. James Albert Ukawsaw Gronniosaw: Narrative of the Most Remarkable Particulars in the Life of James Albert Ukawsaw Gronniosaw, An African Prince, As related by Himself (1772)
    2. Olaudah Equiano: The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African. Written by Himself (1789)
    3. Nat Turner: The Confessions of Nat Turner, the Leader of the Late Insurrection in Southhampton, VA. (1831)
    4. Frederick Douglass: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave (1845)
    5. William Wells Brown: Narrative of William W. Brown, A Fugitive Slave. Written by Himself (1847)
    6. Henry Bibb: Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb, an American Slave, Written by Himself. With an Introduction by Lucius C. Matlack (1849)
    7. Sojourner Truth: Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by the State of New York, in 1828 (1850)
    8. William and Ellen Craft: Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom; or the Escape of William and Ellen Craft from Slavery (1860)
    9. Harriet Ann Jacobs: Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Written by Herself (1861)
    10. Jacob D. Green: Narrative of the Life of J.D. Green, a Runaway Slave, from Kentucky. Containing an Account of His Three Escapes, in 1839, 1846, and 1848 (1864)

  24. Wideman, John Edgar, ed. My Soul Has Grown Deep: Classics of Early African-American Literature. Philadelphia & London: Running Press Book Publishers, 2001.
    1. Richard Allen: The Life, Experience, and Gospel Labours of the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen (1833)
    2. Phillis Wheatley: Selections from Poems on Various Subjects (1773)
    3. Mrs. Jarena Lee: Religious Experience and Journal of Mrs. Jarena Lee (1836)
    4. Olaudah Equiano: The Interesting Narrative of the life of Olaudah Equiano (1789)
    5. Sojourner Truth: Narrative of Sojourner Truth (1850)
    6. Frederick Douglass: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845)
    7. Nat Love: Life and Adventures of Nat Love (1907)
    8. Booker T. Washington: Up from Slavery (1901)
    9. Ida B. Wells: A Red Record (1895)
    10. W. E. B. DuBois: The Souls of Black Folk (1903)
    11. James Weldon Johnson: The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man (1912)
    12. Paul Laurence Dunbar: Lyrics of Lowly Life (1896)

  25. Wilson, James. The Earth Shall Weep: A History of Native America. New York: Grove Press, 1998.

  26. Wise, Steven M. Though the Heavens May Fall: The Landmark Trial that Led to the End of Human Slavery. 2005. Pimlico. London: Random House, 2006.

  27. Young, Thomas Daniel, Floyd C. Watkins & Richmond Croom Beatty, ed. The Literature of the South. 1952. Glenview, Illinois: Scott, Foresman & Company, 1968.






  • category - American Prose: Authors






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